Climate change and environmental pollution have led to a greater concern for finding energy sources that are efficient and that are also in harmony with nature. That is why in recent decades we have been able to observe a greater use of renewable energy sources since these sources allow us to generate electricity in a sustainable way.
Among the main green sources are hydroelectric, geothermal, tidal, wind energy, and solar photovoltaic energy. All these energy sources represent options that can allow us to produce electricity in balance with the environment, which is why new advances are being developed every day to make these sources more accessible and efficient. However, we cannot forget to mention that solar energy has managed to position itself as one of the most used worldwide since it is a particularly versatile type of energy.
And it is that photovoltaic solar energy has not only proven to be highly efficient but can also be adapted to levels of consumption as high as those of companies. This has allowed both homes and industries to produce a very high percentage of the energy they need, which is why solar energy has begun to be used to satisfy self-consumption. In addition, if we manage to produce the energy that we need to consume, our electricity bill will drastically decrease, so not only the environment benefits from solar energy.
How does photovoltaic solar energy work?
Usually, the first question that arises has to do with the way in which solar energy works. In the case of this type of energy, solar panels are the key element in the production of electricity. Photovoltaic solar panels work thanks to the materials with which they are made since power generation is possible thanks to silicon and glass that allow the passage of sunlight.
What happens is that when sunlight hits the panels, it is transformed into electrical energy or photons. The received sunlight can separate the electrons, so a layer of positive charge and a layer of negative charge are formed in the solar cell, this process is what produces the electric current. But the process does not end there, since the current that is generated is direct current and must go through an inverter that is in charge of converting it into alternating current.
As we have noted, solar panels are the main protagonists, so it is always recommended that the installation of solar panels be carried out by professionals. This will allow us to be sure that the panels are placed properly, so we can enjoy the greater performance. In addition, the inclination and orientation of solar panels are essential, so we must pay attention to this type of detail to achieve good levels of energy production.
The importance of solar energy
Solar energy has a series of benefits that we cannot ignore, among the most notable are the following:
Does not produce waste
Solar energy has the advantage of not producing waste during the generation of electrical energy. This is a great advance when compared to other sources such as fossil fuels since these sources generate a large number of polluting substances that harm nature and can also harm people’s health.
It is an ally against climate change
Because it does not produce waste or polluting gases, photovoltaic solar energy can be of great help in mitigating the harmful effects of climate change. In addition, during the production of electricity with solar panels, greenhouse gases such as CO2 are not emitted, making it one of the greenest sources of energy.
It is considered inexhaustible
Unlike fossil fuels, we will be able to use solar energy during all the years of life that the sun has. This makes photovoltaic solar energy practically inexhaustible and also renewable. And of course, we cannot forget that solar panels are becoming more efficient, so we can even take advantage of sunlight on cloudier days.
Contributes to sustainable development
One of the greatest advantages of solar energy is that it contributes enormously to sustainable development since it allows us to generate electricity without harming the environment or wildlife. In addition, the use of solar energy distinguishes companies, shows their commitment to sustainability, and can also increase competitiveness. And we cannot ignore the fact that this source can allow us to have self-sufficient homes or industries.